Political Relations :
India Brazil relationship is extensive and comprehensive covering every important segment of interaction, seen at all three levels: bilateral, plurilateral in forum such as IBSA, BRICS, BASIC, G-20, G-4 and in the larger multilateral arena such as the UN, WTO, UNESCO, WIPO, etc. Bilateral relations between India and Brazil have acquired the dimension of a strategic partnership in the last decade under the leadership of former Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. His successor President Dilma Rousseff’s first ever visit to India in March 2012 provided greater commitment and content to this relationship.
India’s multifaceted bilateral relationship with Brazil continued to intensify in 2014. Both Prime Minster Shri Narendra Modi and President Dilma Rouseff exchanged greetings on the occasion of their respective electoral victories in 2014. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and President Dilma Vana Rousseff met each other during the Sixth BRICS Summit on 15 July 2014. BRICS leaders have approved a new development bank for long-term investment in infrastructure and more sustainable development. On the sidelines of the BRICS Summit, Prime Minister Modi had a breakfast meeting with President Dilma at her official Residence in Brasilia on 16 July 2014. After the meeting three important bilateral agreements were signed between both the sides These were a) A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Cooperation in the Field of Environment; b)An Agreement on space for implementing arrangement establishing cooperation in augmentation of a Brazilian earth station for receiving and processing data from Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) Satellites, and c) An MoU on Cooperation in the Establishment of a consultation mechanism on mobility and consular issues. There were other occasions during the year when the leaderships of India and Brazil interacted in the multilateral context. PM met the Brazilian President in November 2014 at Brisbane during the G-20 Summit. EAM also met her Brazilian counterpart during the UNGA at New York in September 2014 under the framework of IBSA, G4 and BRICS.
India’s strategic partnership with Brazil continued to intensify in 2016. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and President Michel Temer met at the VIII BRICS Summit which took place on October 15-16, 2016 in Goa, India. The large number of side events provided ample opportunity for the five BRICS nations to hold discussions on various proposals and adopt action plans on subjects in areas of mutual interest, leading to the comprehensive Goa Declaration. On October 17, 2016, PM and President Temer held delegation-level deliberations to further strengthen the strategic partnership. Three MOUs were signed during the bilateral visit of President Temer, viz:
(i) MOU between ICAR and Brazilian Agriculture Research Corporation (EMBRAPA) for Cooperation in the fields of Genetic Resources, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Natural Resources and Fisheries;
(ii) MOU between Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries (DADF) and Brazilian Agriculture Research Corporation (EMBRAPA) on cooperation in the Fields of Zebu Cattle Genomics and Assisted Reproductive Technologies;
(iii) MOU between Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) and the Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA) for cooperation in the field of pharmaceutical production regulation.
The two sides agreed to explore the early signing of an Investment Cooperation and Facilitation Treaty that will act as a catalyst to boost trade and economic ties. An Agreement between Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and the Brazilian Association of Technical Norms (ABNT) for Cooperation in Mutual Recognition was also signed on October 24, 2016. Other areas of cooperation discussed during the bilateral meeting were UNSC reforms, IBSA, bilateral trade, agriculture, food processing, energy, science and technology, pharmaceuticals, space, nuclear energy, climate change, counterterrorism and cyber security.
PM met his counterpart President Michel Temer on the sidelines of the BRICS Summit in China on 4 September, 2017. EAM also met her counterpart Foreign Minister Aloysio Nunes on 20 September, 2017 on the sidelines of UNGA. Key issues including defence cooperation were discussed during the meetings, opening up opportunities on both sides to take this strategic partnership forward.
On March 16, 2017, India and Brazil initialed the text of the Social Security Agreement in Brasilia. The Indian delegation was led by Mr. K. Nagaraj Naidu, Joint Secretary (Economic Diplomacy) and the Brazilian delegation was led by Mr. Benedito A. Brunca, Secretary (Social Security Policies), Government of Brazil. The SSA between India and Brazil once brought into force after completion of the ratification process in the respective counties will favorably impact the profitability and competitive position of Indian and Brazilian companies with foreign operations in both countries by reducing their cost of doing business abroad. The SSA will also help promote more investment flows between the two countries. The SSA between India and Brazil once in force by early 2018 will be the first such agreement between the BRICS countries.
The Third Meeting of the Joint Administrative Committee (JAC) on India-MERCOSUR Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) was held on 29th September, 2016 in Brasilia. The modalities and next steps for expansion of the PTA were discussed. Exchange of the first list of 484 tariff lines took place in September 2017 according to the mutually agreed widening of the trade basket under India-Mercosul Preferential Trade Agreement from 450 items for each side to 2500 lines each. The fourth meeting of the Brazil-India Trade Monitoring Mechanism (TMM) was held on 30th September in Brasilia. Productive discussions resulted in progress on visa/immigration issues, business missions and trade fairs, market access issues, as well as sectors such as leather, civil aviation, automotive, food processing and agribusiness.
Regular high level bilateral visits have provided a sustained impetus to the growing relationship between India and Brazil. From the Indian side Vice President S. Radhakrishnan (1954), Prime Minister Indira Gandhi (1968), Prime Minister Narasimha Rao (1992 – for Earth Summit), President K.R. Narayan (1998), Prime 2 Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh (2006, April 2010 and June 2012), Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi (July 2014) and President Pratibha Patil (2008) visited Brazil while President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1996), President Lula (2004, 2007 & 2008) and President Dilma Rousseff (March 2012) reciprocated from the Brazilian side. At the invitation of Prime Minister, President Michel Temer visited Goa in October 2016 to attend the VIII BRICS Summit (15-16 October) and paid an official visit on 17 October, 2016. He was accompanied by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. José Serra, Minister of Agriculture Mr. Blairo Maggi, Minister of Industry, Foreign Trade and Services, Mr. Marcos Pereira and large official and business delegations.
Recent Ministerial visits from India include: Shri P. Chidambaram, Finance Minister (Nov 2008), Shri S.M. Krishna, Minister of External Affairs (August-September 2009), Smt. Preneet Kaur, Minister of State for External Affairs (May 2010), Shri Jairam Ramesh, Environment Minister (July 2010), Shri Jyotiraditya Scindia (September 2010, April 2011), Shri Sharad Pawar, Agriculture Minister (September 2010), Shri Anand Sharma, Commerce, Industry and Textile Minister (June 2012), Smt Jayanthi Natarajan, Minister of state for Environment and Forests (June 2012), Shri Beni Prasad Verma, Steel Minister (February 2013), Shri Ajay Maken, Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (February 2013), Shri Salman Khursheed, Minister of External Affairs (October 2013) and Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman, MOS for Commerce and Industry (July 2014). In March 2015, Minister of Agriculture, Shri Radha Mohan Singh visited Brasilia to attend the second BRICS Agriculture Ministers Meeting. In the same month, Minister of Science and technology, Dr. Harsh Vardhan attended the Second BRICS Science and technology Ministers meeting in Brasilia and also he had a bilateral meeting with the Brazilian Science and Technology Minister Mr. Aldo Rebelo. Shri Nitin Gadkari, Minister for Road Transport, Highways and Shipping attended the 2nd High Level Global Conference on Traffic Safety: Time of Results, from November 17-19, 2015 in Brasilia, which was inaugurated by the President of Brazil. Shri Jawhar Sircar, CEO, Prasar Bharati signed an MOU on behalf of Prasar Bharati with EBC, the Brazilian counterpart on exchange of materials on February 17, 2016. Shri Ram Vilas Paswan, Minister for Consumer Affair, Food and Public Distribution visited Brazil from August 16-19, 2016. Shri Mansukh L. Mandaviya, Minister of State for Road Transport & Highways, Shipping and Chemicals & Fertilizers visited Brazil from April 17-22, 2017. Shri Arun Jaitley, Defence Minister met his counterpart Mr. Raul Jungmann in Moscow on April 26, 2017.
The visits from Brazil include: Celso Amorim as Foreign Minister (April and July 2007 and again in September 2009 for Ministerial meeting in WTO-Doha Round and as Defence Minister in February 2012); Minister of Health, Jose Temporao (July, 2008); Minister of Industry and Foreign Trade Mr. Miguel Jorge (March and October 2008); Minister of Defence Nelson Jobin (March 2010); Minister of External Relations Antonio Patriota in March 2011 for IBSA Ministerial and bilateral meetings and in December 2011 for India-Brazil Joint Commission Meeting; Ms. Katia Abreu, Minister of Agriculture of Brazil in November, 2015 and Ambassador Mauro Vieira, Minister of External Relations who visited India in November 2015 for the 7th India-Brazil Joint Commission Meeting. The Brazilian Agriculture Minister, Blairo Maggi attended the BRICS Agriculture and Agrarian Development Ministers’ Meeting India on September 23, 2016. Mr. Fernando Coelho Filho, Minister of Mines and Energy visited Delhi from November 5-7, 2016 to attend Petrotech 2016 and hold other meetings on sidelines of Petrotech.
India- Brazil Bilateral Trade: Brazil is one of the most important trading partners of India in the entire LAC (Latin America and Caribbean) region. India-Brazil bilateral trade has increased substantially in the last two decades. However, given the economic recession in Brazil, the volume of trade continued to decrease in 2016. Indian exports to Brazil stood at US$2.48 billion in year 2016 as against US$4.29 billion in 2015 and US$ 6.64 billion in 2014. India´s imports from Brazil were US$3.16 in 2016 against US$ 3.62 billion in 2015 and US$ 4.79 billion in 2014. Thus, the overall bilateral trade was at USD5.64 Billion 2016 as against US$ 7.91 billion in 2015 and US$ 11.42 billion in 2014. Balance of trade was in favour of Brazil at US$ 680 million in 2016 while in 2015 it was in favour of India at US$ 672 million. In year 2016, India slipped to the 12th biggest exporter to Brazil (and accounted for 1.8% of Brazil’s total import) and 11th biggest importer from Brazil (and accounted for 1.7% of Brazil’s total exports).
China remained the top trading partner of Brazil with overall trade figure of USD 58.5 Billion (with decline of -11.8% y-o-y) while US was at 2nd position with overall bilateral trade of USD46.96 Billion (with decline of -7.11% y-o-y). Crude-Diesel trade used to be almost 50% of the trade basket of India and Brazil, however, in the last few years, this trend is in declining. In year 2016, there was huge fall in import of diesel oil by Brazil from India with only 465 Million kg imported in 2016 as against 2.668 billion kg in the same period last year, earning USD 169 Million, resulted in a meagre share of only 6.82% of all the items exported to Brazil. In dollar terms, the decline represents -89.33% y-o-y and this drastic reduction has consequently impacted the overall trade figures. However, Brazil's overall import of diesel oil from the world saw a significant drop in 2016 except from US which topped the position with export worth USD 2.14 Billion. Despite its drastic fall, India was the second exporter of diesel oil to Brazil. Besides diesel oil, Indian exports to Brazil include many value added products like organic chemicals, pharmaceuticals, engineering products and textiles. Brazil's exports to India are dominated by commodities, such as crude oil, sugar, soya oil, copper/iron ore, gold etc.
India – Brazil bilateral trade 2008-2016 (US$ million)
|Year||India’s Exports||India’s Imports||Balance of Trade for India||Total trade||Growth%|
The second India Brazil Economic and Financial Dialogue was held on June 4, 2013 in New Delhi. Confederation of Indian Industry launched the CII-India Business Forum in presence of Ms Anita Praveen, Joint Secretary, D/o Commerce, in Sao Paulo on September 28, 2016. The Forum has been launched to promote Indian businesses and identify challenges and opportunities in Latin America. Third Meeting of the Joint Administrative Committee (JAC) on India - MERCOSUR (Current members: Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Venezuela)Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) between India and Brazil held in Brasilia on 29th September 2016. The modalities and next steps for expansion of the PTA were discussed. It was agreed that both sides would work proactively and in a time bound manner to add 2000 lines each to the PTA (The PTA was signed in January 2004 and came into effect on 1st June 2009 under which there are 450 items from each side with duty reductions of 10% to 100%). India and Brazil have formed a bilateral Trade Monitoring Mechanism (TMM) for periodic consultations. The last (4th) meeting of the TMM held in Brasilia on 30th September 2016. Numerous issues of importance to both sides such as visa/immigration issues, business missions and trade fairs, market access issues, and sectors such as leather, civil aviation, automotive, food processing, agribusiness, etc were discussed during the meeting and substantial progress was made.
India- Brazil Bilateral Two-way Investments: There have been some significant two way investments between India and Brazil. While the Brazilian companies have invested in automobiles, IT, mining, energy, biofuels, footwear sectors in India, the Indian companies have invested in sectors such as IT, Pharmaceutical, Energy, agri-business, mining, engineering/auto sectors. Indian companies such as TCS, Wipro, Aditya Birla, Infosys, Cadilla, Mahindra, Renuka Sugars, United Phosphorus, Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Polaris, ONGC, Suzlon, Pricol etc. are present in Brazil. The Brazilian companies present in India include Marco Polo (automobiles), Vale (biggest mining company), Stefanini (IT), Gerdau (Steel) among a few others. Overall, there are about 55 Indian companies in Brazil while around 12 Brazilian companies have investments/offices in India. Total estimated investments by Indian companies in Brazil reach close to US$ 5 billion.
As per DIPP statistics, cumulative FDI Equity Inflows from Brazil to India from April 2000 to December 2016 was US$ 24.77 million representing 0.01% of the total equity inflows of US$ 324.478 billion (this itself is part of the overall FDI inflows into India of US$ 472 billion which covers equity inflows, re-invested earnings and other capital).
India-Brazil Chambers of Commerce, based in Sao Paulo and Belo Horizonte work in close cooperation with the Embassy/Consulate.
There is enormous Brazilian interest in India’s culture, religion, performing arts and philosophy. The first forms of Indian Culture to reach Brazil were all somehow related to spirituality, philosophy and religion. The first classical art to come to Brazil was Bharatanatyam dance, with Odissi, Kathak and Kuchipudi to follow later. In classical music, Brazil has already a share of those who have learnt Sitar, Tabla and other instruments and not only play some of the original ragas and rhythms but go beyond to create fusion music in conjunction with Brazilian artistes.
Ayurveda is also very popular in Brasilia. Recognising this, an International Congress on Ayurveda was organised in the State of Goias in Brazil from 12-14 November 2013. In recent year the cultural exchanges have taken place at increased frequency supported by two governments.
An eight member Rajasthani folkloric dance group led by Ms. Nirmala Kumari and a 4-member classical instrumental group led by Shri Rashid Mustafa, sponsored by ICCR performed on 23 and 24 January in Sao Paulo and Belo Horizonte respectively. Violin Maestro Dr. L. Subramaniam performed on 4th December 2016 at the Arthur Rubinstein theatre;
Major events in 2017 in Sao Paulo included celebration of Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas on 09 January at the ICC with the participation and speeches by several prominent Indians; a presentation by Mr. Mandip Singh Soin at the ICC on Adventure Tourism in India - “India at Heart” on 20 February; visit of a 12-member Rajasthani group comprising dancers, and master craftsmen and a Chef from 7-10 April for tourism promotion purposes. Performances and handicraft workshop was organized at the Immigrants Musuem followed by an Evening of Indian Cuisine at Tulsi Indian Restaurant; visit of noted art historian Mr. Benoy Behl from 17-23 May with presentations and film screening on “Yoga – The Grace Within”, a digital exhibition on “Buddhist Heritage”, presentation on “Yoga : India’s Gift to the World”, Presentation on Churches of Velha Goa, presentation on “Ramayana – the Greatest Epic” besides yoga sessions; celebration of the IDY 2017 on 21 June in the ICC with several other events in the run up to IDY 2017. To mark the occasion, a yoga class was also conducted at the Women’s Prison of the State of Sao Paulo State on 23 Maywith the support of the state government, the celebrations concluded with a major Yoga event at the prominent Iberapeura Park organized by the Art of Living with the support of the Consulate on 24 June; talk by Prof. Shiva Prakash, Professor, JNU titled “Contemporary Indian Theatre: Problems and Prospects-A Playwrights Perspective” on Friday, 14 July; talk by Mr. Gautam Chakrabarti, Assistant Lecturer, Freie Universität Berlin (FUB) titled "A New 'Tandav': Indian Angry Heroes in the Theatre and Bollywood" on 17 July; Festival of India as part of the celebrations of 70 years of Independence from 2-7 September with a Music Concert by reputed violinist Shri C.S. Anuroop; a Kathak performance led by Ms. Nandini Singh and her Disciples; an Exhibition on the ‘Life and Times of Mahatma Gandhi in Pictures’ and a Literary Festival with the participation of three famous writers from India; celebrations of Gandhi Jayanti on 02 October with floral tributes at the Gandhiji statue in Iberapuera Park followed by events at the ICC 03 October including an Exhibition on the Life and Times of Mahatma Gandhi and concluding with a monologue by actor João Signorelli Gandhi, um Líder Servidor. Consulate also supported the activities of Palas Athena in celebrating their the 36th Gandhi Week "In the footsteps of Gandhi - Because it still inspires and surprises"; visit of an ICCR sponsored 5 member Odissi dance group to Sao Paulo from 18-23 October led by Shatabdi Mallik with performances at Porto Alegre for the Diwali celebrations by the Vera Edler Yoga School and participation in the Diwali celebrations of the Indian Association of Sao Paulo as well as a performance at the Museum of Images; ICCR sponsored visit of Dr. Nagamallika Gudipaty, The English and Foreign Languages, University of Hyderabad to participate in the 1st Brazil India Journalism Research Colloquium: Rethinking Journalism on a Global South Perspective in Sao Paulo (Brazil) on 06 & 07 November.
Indian Community in Brazil:
The Indian community of PIOs/NRIs in Brazil is small, numbering about 2000 persons. A majority of them lives in Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Manuas. The community mainly comprises of professionals and businessmen and some scientists/researchers in agriculture, physics, etc. There is an Indian Association in Sao Paulo (Indian Association of Sao Paulo).
Website of Indian Embassy in Brasilia: http://indianembassy.org.br
Website of Indian Consulate in Sao Paulo : http://cgisaopaulo.in/
Facebook Page of Indian
Facebook Page of Indian Consulate: