Consulate General of India
Official Name :Federative Republic of Brazil
Area : 8.55 million km² (about 2.6 times that of India)
Capital :Brasilia (since 1960)
Language : Portuguese (monolingual country)
Population :202.8 million (estimated in 2014)
President :Michel Temer (since August 2016)
Foreign Minister :Aloysio Nunes Ferreira Filho (since March 2017)
President- Federal Senate :Eunicio Oliveira (Since 1 February 2017)
President-Chamber of Deputies :Rodrigo Maia (Since July 2016)
Administrative Divisions:26 states and the Federal District of Brasilia
Major Cities : Population (2011 census)
São Paulo – 11.4m
Rio de Janeiro - 6.4m
Salvador - 2.7m
Brasília (capital) - 2.6m
Fortaleza - 2.5 m
Belo Horizonte – 2.4m
Life Expectancy :74.08 years (2011 census)
Infant Mortality :16.01 deaths/1000 births (2011 census)
Literacy : 90.4% (2011 census)
GDP (current prices) : $2.190 trillion (nominal) $2.422 trillion (PPP)
GDP Per Capita : US$11,145
Major Natural : Resources Iron Ore, Gold, Bauxite, Aluminum, Silver, Oil, Precious and Semi-Precious Stones
Main Crops : Coffee, Cocoa, Corn, Cotton, Oranges, Soybean, Sugarcane, Tobacco and Wheat.
Currency : Real (R); average exchange rate in 2014: US$1= R2.35
Time :The states along the coast and eastern Pará, Brasília-DF, Minas Gerais, Goiás, and Tocantins are three hours behind GMT (official time in Brazil); the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Rondônia, most of Amazonas, Roraima and western Pará are four hours behind GMT; the states of Acre and the south-western part of Amazonas are five hours behind GMT
Internet Penetration : 107,822,831 (53.37% of total population)
The bilateral trade between two countries for the period 2008-2016 is shown below: (USD in Billion)
|Year||India’s Export||India’s Import||Total||Growth %||Balance of Trade for India||India´s position as a trade partner|
India’s exports to Brazil : Diesel oil, cotton, apparels and textile products, pharmaceuticals and chemicals, engineering goods including auto components and mechanical and electrical equipment
India’s imports from Brazil : Crude oil, soya oil, raw sugar, copper ores, iron ores, asbestos, valves, motor pumps, airplanes etc.
State of Sao Paulo
Sao Paulo is the name of a State, a Metropolitan region and City.Sao Paulo is one of the 26 states in Brazil. The first official settlement of the state was in the village of Sao Vicente in 1532. With a little over 248,000 km2 in area(similar to the United Kingdom), the state of Sao Paulo occupies 3% of the territory of Brazil. The state has a population of 42 million and accounts for 33% (US$ 750 billion) of the total GDP of Brazil.State of Sao Paulo is the world´s number one producer of sugar, sugar cane ethanol, and oranges. The state of Sao Paulo is the third largest automobile manufacturer in Latin America and the third largest manufacturer of aircrafts in the world. The state also takes pride that it is the world´s 19th largest economy and the second largest in Latin America. It houses 35% of industry and 34% of the services sector of Brazilian market. Sao Paulo´s agriculture accounts for more than 16% of Brazilian farm production.The state accounts for 57% of the production of machinery and equipment in Brazil.The state stands out for its dynamic culture and natural beauty – with 622 km of beaches and the largest remaining areas of Atlantic Forest in the whole of Brazil.
The Metropolitan Region of Sao Paulo has an area of 7,947 km2. It consists of 39 municipal districts surrounding Sao Paulo City with a total population of 19.9 million.
The government of the State of Sao Paulo (as in other states in Brazil) is headed by the Governor who is assisted by secretaries appointed by him. The legislative role of the government lies with the Assembly. Each state has its own judiciary called Tribunal de Justiça. The governor and members of the Assembly are elected by the people, but members of the judiciary are appointed by the governor from a list provided by the current members of the state law court. (Members of the State Law Court are appointed by merit through exams open to all holding a law degree). Elections are held every four years. State governments enjoys relative financial and administrative autonomy, has its own symbol and flag as the Federal Government.
Sao Paulo City
The city of Sao Paulo, named after St. Paul was founded by the Jesuit priests José de Anchieta and Manoel da Nobrega in 1554 in the territorythen known as Piratininga, inhabited by indigenous Tupi-Guarani people. Originally a village, named São Paulo dos Campos de Piratininga, the city of Sao Paulo now occupies an area of 1,523 km2 with a population of 11.3 million. Sao Paulo is situated at an attitude of about 760 meters above sea level.
São Paulo enjoys a high-altitude, sub-tropical climate, with an average temperature of 190 C to 270C. The weather remains mild to warm all the year round, the lowest temperatures of around 54°F (12°C) being experienced during July and the maximum of around 82°F (27°C) being enjoyed during the hottest month of February. It is possible to experience all four seasons in just one day. In the morning, the weather can be sunny and cloudless yet the day may end with a storm. In the summer, it usually rains at the end of the afternoon, cooling things off. In the fall, the temperature is pleasant at an average of around 23ºC. Winter days are sunny and dry with temperatures that rarely dip below 150 C. In the spring, it is usually warm and dry. Sao Paulo receives around 53 inches (135cm) of rain a year, mostly during the period October to March.
Sao Paulo city is the main economic and industrial hub of the nation with a GDP of US$266 billion.Most of the automotive, pharmaceutical, aircraft, oil & gas and capital goods industries are located in and around Sao Paulo City. Sao Paulo´s industrial sector is recognized for its specialization in higher value added manufactures and technological content. The city is the main financial center of the country where the Securities, Commodities and Futures Exchange (BM&FBOVESPA) is based. In 2012, the total volume of securities traded on the exchange was US$ 890 million, making it one of the largest in the world.
Sao Paulo is also the main seat of learning in LatinAmerica. Three of the most important universities in Brazil viz. University of Sao Paulo (USP), University of Campinas (UNICAMP) and Sao Paulo State University (UNSEP are located in Sao Paulo. Besides, the city also is home to several federal universities and other important institutions of higher education.
Tourism & Culture
Sao Paulo receives around 12 million tourists a year with two million from foreign countries. It is considered the main gateway into the country for foreign tourists, receiving more than 50% of the international flights to Brazil.
The city is the cultural capital of Brazil with a large network of concert halls, movie theatres, and varied cultural and leisure facilities guaranteeing lively and constant programs. Sao Paulo Museum of Art (MASP) and the Sao Paulo State Pinacoteca are among the best museums in Latin America. While MASP houses a comprehensive collection of European art in Latin America, one of the most important collections of Brazilian modern art can be found at the Pinacoteca.
Another attraction in Sao Paulo is gastronomy, with its 15,000 restaurants, 20,000 bars and 3,000 coffee shop bakeries. The ethnic and cultural diversity of Sao Paulo´s population is reflected in specialized restaurants offering the most varied Brazilian and international cuisine. In fact, Sao Paulo is considered the haute cuisine capital of Brazil. There are a few Indian restaurants also in Sao Paulo patronized by both Indians and Brazilians.
Indians in Sao Paulo
There about 1,500 Indians in and around Sao Paulo, comprising mostly professionals and businessmen and their families. Most of the majorIndian IT and pharmaceutical companies have their offices in Sao Paulo. In addition to IT & Pharma, major Indian companies like, Aditya Birla groups, the Tatas, Reliance, United Phosphorous, to name a few, are also operating in Sao Paulo. There are also a few shops owned by individual Indians mostly selling Indian garments, handicrafts etc.There is an Indian Association in Sao Paulo. The Indian Cultural Centre in Sao Paulo is quite popular both among the Indian community and Brazilians and offers regular programmes covering dance, music, Indian cuisine and celebration of Indian festivals.
Places of Interest
Praça da Sé,Pátio do Colégio(founding site of the city of Sao Paulo), Catedral da Sé, Museu do Ipiranga, Soccer Museum, Mercado Municipal, AvenidaPaulista, Ibirapuera park etc. are some of the major tourist attractions in São Paulo. There are also a number of beautiful beaches on the Atlantic coast of Sao Paulo state like Santos,Ilhabela, Praia Grande, Guaruja etc. which are popular with tourists.